The Basics of Painting


Painting is a type of art which focuses on applying color to a flat surface. Traditionally, paint has been derived from animal, plant, or mineral sources, but in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, synthetic pigments were developed. Paintings have a rich history of interpreting themes and depicting human emotions.

There are a number of mediums that artists use to create paintings, including oil, watercolour, gouache, and ink. Acrylic paints are one of the most versatile and widely used. Most artists use a mixture of more than one medium. For example, some painters combine oils, while others use watercolor or gouache.

Painting is an art form that requires a strong understanding of aesthetics. The elements of aesthetics are colors, shapes, and angles. People consider aesthetics to be the ability to recognize beauty. Another important skill that painters should have is dexterity. Good hand-eye coordination is crucial, especially when working on small details and for long periods of time.

The artist should have a wide selection of brushes. In the beginning, he or she should use larger and broader brushes to cover more areas of the painting. A filbertbrush, for example, is useful for blocking in form because it combines the flat and round qualities. In later stages, he or she should use a smaller brush.

It is also important to properly clean the brushes used for acrylic painting. It is not easy to remove dried acrylic paint from the brush. This is due to the fact that acrylics have a plastic film that is difficult to remove. To clean an acrylic painting brush, simply wash it thoroughly in warm water and soap. You should also make sure that the water is clear and the brush is not bent or distorted.

There are a variety of paints on the market, with student grade paints having less consistency. These paints often use less expensive alternatives and tend to lack buttery qualities of artist grade paint. The most fluid student acrylics are the Daler Rowney System 3 and Galeria. These paints are closer in texture to heavy body acrylics, but they lack the buttery properties of heavier body paints.

Another traditional method for painting with watercolors is egg tempera. Egg yolks are used as a binder with the paints. This method is one of the oldest known painting techniques. Egg yolks dry fast and create a matte finish. It is traditionally applied in successive layers called glazes. Afterwards, additional layers of paint are added, creating an underpainting.