The Basics of Painting


Painting is the process of applying paint, pigment, or another medium to a base material such as canvas, paper, wood, glass, metal or cement. The medium may be water-based, oil-based, or acrylic. It may also contain other materials including sand, clay or gold leaf.

The art of painting is one of the oldest forms of visual expression, and it has been a vital part of human culture since prehistoric times. Paintings can represent natural scenes or objects, describe a narrative or be wholly abstract.

A painting is a piece of art that uses shape, colors, line, tones and textures to convey sensations of movement, volume, space and light. It is a form of expression that can be very enjoyable and is often used to express feelings or emotions.

When learning to paint, it is important to understand the fundamental techniques and styles of painting so that you can begin your artistic journey with confidence. This will help you to paint with more precision and achieve better results.

1. Sketch the image before you start painting

Whether you are using a pencil, color pencil or charcoal, sketching your painting before you start laying down the paint is an excellent way to make sure your painting turns out the way you want it to. This will ensure that you get a good sense of the composition of your painting, as well as help you to understand the paint values in your painting so that it looks realistic.

2. Use a brush to create texture and vary the amount of paint you put on it

Adding texture to your painting is an excellent way to add dimension to your painting. This technique can be achieved by varying the amount of paint you put on your brush and the types of strokes you use with it. Short little strokes can look like fur, while longer smoother ones can flatten out the paint and give it a dense appearance.

3. Block in darks early

When you are beginning a painting, it is important to block in the darks so that you can get a feel for the shape and color of the object or subject you are painting. This is done by starting with light colors and working your way up, blending the darks as you go.

4. Work with different brushes

Depending on what type of painting you are doing, there are various brushes that are best for the job. For example, flat-tip synthetic brushes are great for water-color painting, while filbert-tip brushes are ideal for oil painting.

5. Splatter your paint

If you are looking for a way to add spontaneity to your painting, splattering is a great technique to try out. This will allow you to free up your hands and get some fun brush marks into your painting without worrying about perfection.

6. Applying color on wet paper

Whether you are painting in acrylic, oil or water-based paints, it is always best to use wet paper when you are painting so that the paint will not dry out quickly. This will help you to work more efficiently as it will not take as long for the paint to dry on the paper.