The Basics of Painting

In painting, the artist applies paint to a support such as canvas, wood, or paper. In a cave, paintings were rudimentary, but were considered to be a form of storytelling or instructional information. Over the centuries, paintings moved from being made solely for the cave walls to being made of paper, canvas, ceramics, and even wood. Subject matter and technique were later diversified, and painting became more of a decorative art that could be displayed and maintained. Today, painting is a thriving profession, with many different styles, techniques, and mediums.


The basic elements of painting include color, form, and shape. The paint is applied to a support, which is usually a canvas, wood, or plaster. Other materials used as supports include clay, concrete, lacquer, or plaster. When applying paint to a support, it is usually done in a liquid state, and is often smeared into the surface of the support. To prevent this, a layer of ground is placed on top of the painted surface to provide a nonporous layer between the support and painted surface.

The mediums used in painting are water-based, oil, and acrylic paints. The paint is applied using brushes, or a palette. These materials are also used to create the final work. The paint is typically a single color, and a paintbrush can be any color. The colors in a painting are the means by which the paint is perceived. A painted surface may represent a real phenomenon, interpret a narrative theme, or simply represent an abstract idea.

Painting is a visual language in two dimensions. It involves the use of a number of elements to create volume on a flat surface. These elements are combined into expressive patterns. The end result can be either representation or interpretation of a narrative. The media used in painting can be either oil or acrylic. In addition, there are also many types of media and techniques used in painting. In any case, there is a type of media that works best for different types of media.

Encaustic painting, or hot wax painting, is a form of painting in which colored beeswax is applied to a prepared surface. Although a simple encaustic mixture is made by mixing beeswax with pigments, other materials such as damar resin or linseed oil may be used. The pigments are added to the wax once it is warm, and the paint is then applied to a support.

The color of a painting can be interpreted according to its medium. For example, encaustic paintings are made of beeswax, which is heated to make the medium hotter. The artist then adds colored pigments to the beeswax, and the process is called encaustic painting. It is also possible to mix other ingredients into the encaustic mixture, such as damar resin, linseed oil, and other kinds of wax.